Sketches

These sketches are random designs of residential units. They incorporate nature and gardening spaces on the rooftops.

Beginning sketches

Looking at using large spaces, this car park seems to be a good potential site based on my found statistics. Many people in Peckham do not own a car, this space can be utilised to benefit Peckham in a different way.

Taking the use of bridges from the precedent by Kengo Kuma, the bridges in my concept would link different buildings. It would allow direct links to different areas.

To incorporate the use of farming, there could be a floor dedicated to indoor vertical farming and a floor dedicated to outdoor farming. The indoor farms would allow for fruits and vegetables that need a hot climate to be grown all year round.

A unique concept is the first one below. The building could be make up of a unique shape rotated on a single point. These could create steps on the outside of the building leading to the top. There could be bridges to each building with platforms coming off them that can be used for outdoor farming, garden or greenery space.

Eco-Luxury Hotel

A project by Kengo Kuma that has been designed for Paris.

  • Unconventional
  • Wooden architecture
  • Traditional Paris inspired balconies
  • Lush vegetation
  • Ambitious
  • Multifunctional
  • Sustainable
  • Landmark
  • Innovative
  • Greenery
  • Embraces nature within urban landscape

Vertical Forest

Name: Vertical Forest

Architects: Stefano Boeri

Location: Milan, Italy

Notes:

  • Residential building
  • Construction was completed in 2014
  • 110 and 76 metres tall
  • Has 400 condominium units
  • Nature within cities
  • Embraces Nature
  • Equivalent to 30,000 square metres of woodland and undergrowth
  • 2500 thousand plants growing on the towers´ balconies
  • 5,000 shrubs
  • 800 trees
  • Wastewater from the building is used to water the plants
  • Wastewater is filtered using the energy provided from solar panels
  • Self-sufficient
  • Architectural biodiversity
  • 90 species of plants
  • Welcoming wildlife
  • New plants have attracted birds and insects
  • Allows a relationship between humans and other living species
  • The plants filter fine-particle pollution (the city’s traffic)
  • The plants produce oxygen and absorbs CO2

Information from: https://www.stefanoboeriarchitetti.net/en/project/vertical-forest/

Peckham Proposal

My proposal for Peckham would be to introduce more greenery and art areas. It would be beneficial to focus on the commercial areas and how they can be improved through urban agriculture. Can having more nature improve our cities?

Peckham is a very diverse ethnic area, within the area there are many different ethnic restaurants and takeaways. Within the UK, we know that 40% of our food is imported. An idea I want to propose was that there could be communal or private gardens designated to different cuisines. Restaurant or takeaway owners could grow their own ethnic crops right in the area where they sell it or create their dishes. The produce would be fresh, and the owners know exactly where it has come from, and what has gone into the production of these vegetables (chemicals, fertilisers etc). It would be a good opportunity to create new jobs for those who want to employ someone to tend the crops.

With residential communal gardens, it could also be an opportunity to help feed the those in need but also acts as an educational point for the younger generation to learn essential skills. Not only would this bring more exotic foods to the UK, but it would also reduce traffic pollution and lesson the need for long-distance imports.

With growing vegetables in city, it could generate the opportunity for better waste management schemes. Food waste could be used for compost, making natural fertiliser for the crops. It would mean that no grown food goes to waste, it could also generate profit if there is an abundance of fertiliser that can be sold to other companies.

Peckham is a suburban area, so it is dominated by concrete, metal, and brick. There is not much greenery within this area, even where there is empty space. When making the city greener, there would need to be better pathways that are easy to navigate. Thus, making it safer for children and the elderly. More nature would reduce pollution making the air cleaner. An increased amount of green space would encourage exercise and opportunities for pitches and courts to be implemented.

An important aspect of Peckham shops is that they have large openings into the store rather than a small door. This makes the area more inviting and allows the owners to put their goods closer to the public. It engages with the public better than what a small, enclosed space does. This should be an aspect of Peckham that is embraced rather than changed.

Art within Peckham should be embraced. There isn’t a single area in Peckham where you can look and not see artistic expression. Certain areas could be used for design, encouraging the people of the city to express themselves. This can be done by implementing buildings or walls dedicated to expression. If it is displayed in one place it can become and installation artwork area where the work can be appreciated by locals. Perhaps companies can be encouraged to commission local artists to paint relevant images to the shutters on their shops when they are closed.

Peckham is a high traffic area and there are a lot of pedestrians in this area throughout the days. Making safer, perhaps wider pathways would be a safer option. If there are direct links between different places, it would make it safer for pedestrians to navigate different places. If there are less areas for cars, it would reduce potential collisions.

Peckham Solutions

In my previous Design: Major Project blogs (Visiting Peckham and Initial look at the site), I discussed my initial view of the site, my visit to Peckham, what it was like and briefly mentioned what could be changed.

Would it be possible for the people of Peckham to express their creativity more frequently? Could there be certain areas dedicated to graffiti and painting? This could be a space where the community can come together for group projects. It could become a social activity for all ages, meeting to express themselves.

There could be more greenery in Peckham. Nature could be more dominant than man-made roads. It would encourage people to walk and could potentially reduce congestion and pollution. It could make Peckham cleaner with fresher air and greener helping locals mentally. Additionally, due to there being many schools nearby, it would be essential to include these natural areas to give children safer places to play. With larger greenery areas, there could be more play areas, sport courts and pitches that could be made available to clubs and the public.

Peckham is very commercial based, so it is a necessity for small and large businesses to remain. In highstreets, there would need to be spaces above the shops so that the owners of these shops can live close by. For example, if changed to high-rises, shops should be based on the ground floor with the owners being able to live on the first floor directly above their business.

Urban Agriculture & The Pandemic

For our first dissertation meeting we were tasked with writing an abstract and creating a mood board of our interests. My main interest is urban agriculture. As you can see from below I have included projects, that if you’re interested in nature in cities, you should take a look at: The Farmhouse and The Vertical Farm. I have included important quotes (written below) from the interviews and documentaries that I have watched that have inspired me to undertake this topic for my dissertation.

I had the assumption when researching for my dissertation project that I would want to write about climate change and sustainability only. I researched into urban agriculture and I realised that it is an essential method for us to begin to do to help climate change and the incoming global food crisis.

David Attenborough: A Life On Our Planet

“Right now, we’re facing a manmade disaster of global scale.”

“So, what do we do? It’s quite straight forward. It’s been staring us in the face all along. To restore stability to our planet, we must restore it’s biodiversity.”

“If we take care of nature, nature will take care of us.”

“When it comes to the land, we must radically reduce the area we use to farm, so that we can make space for returning wilderness.”

– David Attenborough, natural historian.

True Garden

“I can control the environment, I control the water, I control the nutrients. I love this, I can control every aspect of growing my own food.”

– Troy Albright, CEO of True Garden

“The vegetables we saw growing at True Garden were just growing, right there. There was no soil, there was minimal water. It was really just their roots hanging in these hollow tubes, being saturated in nutirents and substances and growing to be the most beautiful vegetables.”

– Lauren Kelly Piergallini, reporter

The Plummery

“One of the most important steps that we’ve done is used the raised vegetables beds. When we are eating that much produce, it’s really important. So we can have clean soil that has been brought in. We also know that lead doesn’t generally transfer into fruits so this beautiful blood plum behind us is totally safe to eat from.”

“Much of the composting happens in situ just by chopping the branches and leaving them on the ground underneath the plant.”

“One of the things that’s so concerning about the state that we’re in at the moment is so many people are losing that connection to the land. So The Plummery has been an experiment in how can we regain that connection to food in the city.”

– Kat Lavers, permaculture designer and educator

Visiting Peckham

Visiting Peckham has been an important part of this project so far. We needed to visit the site to get an understanding of what is there and who is there. What is it that makes Peckham, Peckham?

It was very different being in Peckham than Portsmouth or Southampton. It seemed to constantly be busy; the street was filled with people, the roads filled with cars. There did not seem to be a quiet moment. My partner drove us to Peckham, so I got to see a comparison of central London and Zone 2 of London. The drivers in London seemed to be quite inpatient and unforgiving. They seemed to know exactly where they were going, and they weren’t going to let anyone get in the way of that. When in central London, you are surrounded by high rise buildings covered in glass and fancy cars. Peckham seemed to be a much more modest version of Central London.

One thing that stood out about Peckham was the artistic expression. In every direction there is graffiti on the walls, some of it was writing and some of it was simply patterns. There did not seem to be a street that was free of graffiti, almost as if the entirety of Peckham was a canvas. Personally, I don’t find anything wrong with graffiti. It shows that there needs to be somewhere in Peckham where people can express themselves and show their creativity. Peckham Levels would be a good example of this, but what if the people of Peckham could take it into their own hands and create the designs they want, wherever they want?

Within Peckham there is one area on the route that is not shown on google maps. Some of the previous structure had been demolished and, in its place, stands Peckham Palms. This building is in an interesting area as you can see old, new, broken and being rebuilt. It doesn’t fit quite fit into its surrounding making it a unique sight. It’s a very modern building in when compared to the buildings that are around it; it seems to not have embraced what is already there.

The Peckham Peace wall is a concept that I have not seen before. All over this wall by Peckham library were little notes based around peace. It was a deep insight to what the local people think of their home and the world surrounding them.

There were a variety of materials within Peckham that I saw ranging from brick, metal, and concrete. The material palette would make for interesting designs, the materials quite obviously aging over time. Perhaps this could be taken advantage of? The buildings could tell a story based on the materials they are made of.

Turner Works Peckham Levels

Peckham levels is a place that supports the ambitious. It is a community of artists, makers and entrepreneurs. This project was announced in 2015 and opened in 2017. Peckham levels is a brilliant example of how space can be reused rather than simply destroying it and building something in its place. The multi-story platform went from 7 levels that was unused to 50 studios, workshops, specialist studios, food and drink related venues, exhibition and market spaces and more. There are many areas that are available to the public; for example, “free event space, children’s play area, music venue, gallery, bars, restaurants, café, yoga studios and even a hair salon”. This renovation supports “employment and the arts” and acts as a “social space”. Previously, it was prone to anti-social activity.

Unfortunately, when I visited Peckham, all the doors were closed and locked. I am unsure whether the timings have changed due to the pandemic or if I simply did not look hard enough. However; even the exterior of the building shows artistic expression.

That’s News To Me!

The challenge our tutor gave us for the first design tutorial was to simply buy and read a newspaper. Coming from a generation where everything can be accessed right at our fingertips and through our phones, I have never purchased a newspaper. This purpose of this exercise was to get an understanding of how papers can be written from different perspectives and perhaps have a certain bias.

Here are some of the points I took when reading the newspaper:

  • There are a lot of “hot” topics and general politics news
  • Lots of celebrity gossip
  • Self-described as “The People’s Paper”
  • Gives the impression of an older person trying to present to a younger audience (?). Attempting to use lots of slang (“Her maj”, “stuck two fingers up”, “N10”, “Wills”, “covidiot”, “Ri” – instead of Rihanna etc)
  • Big, catchy titles/text (occasionally punny) “BREXIT TALKS CHAOS”, “Roamin’ Ruins Below”, “Now you colosseum, now you don’t”, “Hugh do you think you are, actually?”, “Piers We Go Again”, “Given the Nicole’d shoulder”, “Raining Cats and Lochs”, “Can You Sia Who It Is?”, “What Are You Du-ing?”, “Royal Rolls”, “Tea Typhoo-n”, “I’ve Dunn Ten Years In Hollyoaks”, “Join The Treedom Fighters”. I have never seen so many puns in once place!
  • Talks of Brexit – “European leaders stuck two fingers up at Boris Johnson’s demand to speed up Brexit talks”, “27 EU member states provocatively refused the Prime Ministers plea.”, “They instead ordered N10 to compromise to secure free flowing trade after Brexit”, Boris Johnson insists that there are “prospects of a deal”, “French Leader Emmanuel Macron insisted French fishermen would not be “sacrificed”.”, “He threatened to block the deal if his “conditions” are not met.”, “The two sides remain “miles apart” on access to waters.”.
  • Showcasing politicians getting away with not following the rules “covidiot”. Margaret Ferrier travelled between Glasgow and London “with the bug”. “Dodged a £10,000 fine.”
  • Lots of dramatic language and exaggeration “poised to replace his enemy
  • Informative on covid and new rules.
  • Green Team 😊 – “The world desperately needs to slow down climate change”. It has a whole open page dedicated to it, but it is only halfway through the newspaper. Personally, I think that it has more importance than celebrity gossip. Another article further back, ‘FabDaily Fashion’, fixing and repurposing damaged clothing.
  • Misleading titles – “Should Fathers Be Proud Or Prudes?” Whilst the fathers are supportive in the text, why is a woman’s choice still being judged based on their father’s opinion?

When I was younger, the only time I would pick up a newspaper was to use it as protection for the countertops when I was painting or using it to create a paper mache model. Whilst on the countertop, getting covered in paint, I would read the titles and some of the text, but I have never used one with the intention of reading it. It has certainly been a weird experience to pick up something physical and read through it. However, that is one of the things I love about books. I would much rather flick through a physical book, than read it on a kindle tablet. But the reason why technology is so popular is that it makes everything so much more accessible. I can get hundreds of free books on a kindle that I can get instantly. If I am recommended an article on my phone from a newspaper, it is based on my interests from cookies. There were a lot of topics in the physical newspaper that I simply was not interested in. It was certainly a worthwhile experience, but with technology expanding and (with our current situation) we are relying on technology more, I will most likely stick to recommended online articles. Though, I do know that I have a back-up option if need be.